Disability insurance, also known as disability income insurance or income protection, is a type of insurance policy that provides financial support to individuals who become disabled and are unable to work due to an injury or illness.

The primary purpose of disability insurance is to replace a portion of the policyholder's income, typically a percentage of their pre-disability earnings, during the period when they are unable to work.

Here are the key benefits of disability insurance:

1. Income Replacement: Disability insurance helps replace lost income when an individual is unable to work due to a disability. The policy typically pays a percentage of the individual's pre-disability income on a regular basis, such as monthly or weekly.

2. Financial Security: It provides financial security and helps maintain the policyholder's standard of living by covering essential expenses like mortgage or rent, utilities, groceries, and other bills.

3. Medical Expenses: Some disability insurance policies may include provisions for covering medical expenses related to the disability, such as doctor's visits, therapy, or rehabilitation costs.

4. Rehabilitation Support: Many policies offer support for vocational rehabilitation, which can help individuals with disabilities retrain for a different occupation if they are unable to return to their previous job.

5. Long-Term and Short-Term Options: Disability insurance can be categorized into short-term and long-term coverage. Short-term disability insurance typically covers disabilities that last a few months, while long-term disability insurance covers disabilities that extend for an extended period, often years or even until retirement.

6. Peace of Mind: Disability insurance provides peace of mind, knowing that in the event of a disability, you have a financial safety net to rely on, reducing the risk of financial hardship.

7. Tax Benefits: In some cases, disability insurance benefits may be tax-free if the premiums are paid with after-tax dollars. However, this can vary depending on the specific policy and the circumstances